Lesser Celandine

Ficaria verna

non-native


Other Names:
Pilewort, Fig Buttercup


Lesser Celandine is a non-native plant from Europe and western Asia. It is an aggressive invasive that can spread quickly. It is in the buttercup family, and its small yellow flowers look like buttercups. Several states have either banned it or listed it as a noxious weed. It is not in the same family as Greater Celandine (which is a poppy), even though the flowers look very similar. Lesser Celandine has been frequently mentioned in literature, appearing in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis, and in Sons and Lovers by D.H. Lawrence. It was a favorite flower of the poet William Wordsworth.

Identification Tools

Illinois Wildflowers Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States Urban Ecology Center

Ranges

North America Virginia

Celandine flower
A celandine flower

Celandine flower
A celandine flower

Lesser Celandine
A patch of Lesser Celandine

Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine demonstrating its invasive property

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