Plants of Monticello Park

Species Index

A wide variety of plants can be found in Monticello Park. Even though plants stay still and birds move around, plants can often be more difficult to identify. A plant's appearance can vary considerably, depending on the season and its stage of growth. The park plant list is likely to always be a work in progress, with more species being added as they are discovered. Photos in this section are by Ashley Bradford unless otherwise noted.

View by: Common name | Scientific name

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Herbaceous Plants: Flowering
Herbaceous Plants: Non-flowering
Vines
Ferns

Common Name

Native?

Family

Trees & Shrubs

Ash, White

Fraxinus americana

native

Olive

Azalea cultivars

Rhododendron sp.

non-native

Heath

Azalea, Pinxter

Rhododendron periclymenoides

native

Heath

Beech, American

Fagus grandifolia

native

Oak & Beech

Blackhaw

Viburnum prunifolium

native

Elderberry

Blueberry, Hillside

Vaccinium pallidum

native

Heath

Boxelder

Acer negundo

native

Soapberry

Catalpa, Southern

Catalpa bignonioides

native

Trumpet-creeper

Cedar, Eastern Red

Juniperus virginiana

native

Cypress

Cherry, Black

Prunus serotina

native

Rose

Cherry, Sour

Prunus cerasus

non-native

Rose

Creeper, Winter

Euonymus fortunei

non-native

Bittersweet

Deerberry

Vaccinium stamineum

native

Heath

Dogwood, Flowering

Cornus florida

native

Dogwood

Elm, American

Ulmus americana

native

Elm

Elm, Slippery

Ulmus rubra

native

Elm

Forsythia

Forsythia sp.

non-native

Olive

Fringe Tree, White

Chionanthus virginicus

native

Olive

Hackberry, Common

Celtis occidentalis

native

Hemp

Hickory

Carya sp.

native

Walnut

Holly, American

Ilex opaca

native

Holly

Honeysuckle, Amur

Lonicera maackii

non-native

Honeysuckle

Laurel, Mountain

Kalmia latifolia

native

Heath

Locust, Black

Robinia pseudoacacia

native

Pea

Maple, Red

Acer rubrum

native

Soapberry

Mimosa

Albizia julibrissin

non-native

Pea

Mulberry, Red

Morus rubra

native

Fig

Mulberry, White

Morus alba

non-native

Fig

Oak, Chestnut

Quercus montana

native

Oak & Beech

Oak, Northern Red

Quercus rubra

native

Oak & Beech

Oak, White

Quercus alba

native

Oak & Beech

Oak, Willow

Quercus phellos

native

Oak & Beech

Olive, Thorny

Elaeagnus pungens

non-native

Oleaster

Pagoda Tree, Japanese

Styphnolobium japonicum

non-native

Pea

Pawpaw, Common

Asimina triloba

native

Custard Apple

Poplar, Tulip

Liriodendron tulipifera

native

Magnolia

Privet

Ligustrum sp.

non-native

Olive

Redbud, Eastern

Cercis canadensis

native

Pea

Rose-of-Sharon

Hibiscus syriacus

non-native

Mallow

Sassafras

Sassafras albidum

native

Avocado

Serviceberry, Common

Amelanchier arborea

native

Rose

Spicebush

Lindera benzoin

native

Avocado

Strawberry Bush, American

Euonymus americanus

native

Bittersweet

Sumac, Staghorn

Rhus typhina

native

Cashew

Sweetgum

Liquidamber styraciflua

native

Sweetgum

Tupelo, Black

Nyssa sylvatica

native

Sour Gum

Viburnum, Mapleleaf

Vibernum acerifolium

native

Elderberry

Wahoo, Eastern

Euonymous atropurpureus

native

Bittersweet

Witch-hazel, American

Hamamelis virginiana

native

Witch-hazel

Herbaceous Plants: Flowering

Agrimony, Woodland

Agrimonia rostellata

native

Rose

Aster, Awl

Symphyotrichum pilosum

native

Aster

Aster, White Wood

Eurybia divaricata

native

Aster

Avens, White

Geum canadense

native

Rose

Beechdrops

Epifagus virginiana

native

Broom-rape

Beefsteak Plant

Perilla frutescens

non-native

Mint

Beggarticks, Devil's

Bidens frondosa

native

Aster

Bellwort, Sessile

Uvularia sessilifolia

native

Lily

Burdock, Common

Arctium minus

non-native

Aster

Burnweed, American

Erechtites hieraciifolia

native

Aster

Buttercup, Hooked

Ranunculus recurvatus

native

Buttercup

Buttercup, Small-flowered

Ranunculus abortivus

native

Buttercup

Celandine, Lesser

Ficaria verna

non-native

Buttercup

Cohosh, Black

Actaea (Cimicifuga) racemosa

native

Buttercup

Copperleaf, Virginia

Acalypha virginica

native

Spurge

Dandelion, Common

Taraxacum officinale

non-native

Aster

Dayflower, Asiatic

Commelina communis

non-native

Spiderwort

Elephant's Foot, Carolina

Elephantopus carolinianus

native

Aster

Garlic, Wild

Allium vineale

non-native

Lily

Geranium, Wild

Geranium maculatum

native

Geranium

Goldenrod, Bluestem

Solidago caesia

native

Aster

Goldenrod, Elm-leaved

Solidago ulmifolia

native

Aster

Hawksbeard, Oriental False

Youngia japonica

non-native

Aster

Hellebore, False

Veratrum viride

non-native

Bunchflower

Helleborine, Broad-leaved

Epipactis helleborine

non-native

Orchid

Honewort

Cryptotaenia canadensis

native

Carrot

Horsebalm, Northern

Collinsonia canadensis

native

Mint

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum

native

Arum

Jumpseed

Persicaria virginiana

native

Buckwheat

Loosestrife, Fringed

Lysimachia ciliata

native

Primrose

Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum

native

Barberry

Meadow Rue, Early

Thalictrum dioicum

native

Buttercup

Nettle, False

Boehmeria cylindrica

native

Nettle

Nightshade, Enchanter's

Circaea lutetiana

native

Willowherb

Plantain, Blackseed

Plantago rugelii

native

Plantain

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

native

Pokeweed

Poppy, Celandine

Stylophorum diphyllum

native

Ranunculus

Raspberry, Black

Rubus occidentalis

native

Rose

Rose, Multiflora

Rosa multiflora

non-native

Rose

Skunk Cabbage

Symplocarpus foetidus

native

Arum

Smartweed, Oriental

Persicaria longiseta

non-native

Buckwheat

Snakeroot, Clustered Black

Sanicula odorata (gregaria)

native

Aster

Snakeroot, White

Ageratina altissima

native

Aster

Solomon's Seal

Polygonatum biflorum

native

Asparagus

Solomon's Seal, False

Maianthemum racemosum

native

Asparagus

Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica

native

Montiaceae

Strawberry, Mock

Duchesnea indica

non-native

Rosaceae

Tick Trefoil, Showy

Desmodium canadense

native

Pea

Toothwort, Cutleaf

Cardamine concatenata

native

Cabbage

Touch-me-not, Spotted

Impatiens capensis

native

Balsam

Violet, Common Blue

Viola sororia sororia

native

Violet

Violet, Confederate

Viola sororia priceana

native

Violet

Wineberry, Japanese

Rubus phoenicolasius

non-native

Rose

Woodsorrel, Creeping

Oxalis corniculata

non-native

Wood Sorrel

Herbaceous Plants: Non-flowering

Bamboo, Arrow

Pseudosasa japonica

non-native

Grass

Rush, Common

Juncus effusus

native

Rush

Stiltgrass, Japanese

Microstegium vimineum

non-native

Grass

Vines

Bindweed, Field

Convolvulus arvensis

non-native

Morning-glory

Carrionflower, Smooth

Smilax herbacea

native

Catbrier

Clematis, Autumn

Clematis terniflora

non-native

Buttercup

Creeper, Trumpet

Campsis radicans

native

Trumpet-creeper

Creeper, Virginia

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

native

Grape

Grape, Silverleaf

Vitis aestivalis

native

Grape

Greenbrier, Common

Smilax rotundifolia

native

Catbrier

Greenbrier, Glaucous

Smilax glauca

native

Catbrier

Ivy, English/Irish

Hedera helix

non-native

Ginseng

Passion Flower, Yellow

Passiflora lutea

native

Passion-flower

Periwinkle, Common

Vinca minor

non-native

Dogbane

Poison Ivy, Eastern

Toxicodendron radicans

native

Cashew

Yam, Chinese

Dioscorea polystachya

non-native

Yam

Yam, Wild

Dioscorea villosa

native

Yam

Ferns

Fern, Christmas

Polystichum acrostichoides

native

Wood Fern

Fern, New York

Thelypteris noveboracensis

native

Marsh Fern

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