Common Greenbrier

Smilax rotundifolia

native


Other Names:
Roundleaf Greenbrier, Bullbrier, Catbrier, Horsebrier, Carrion-flower


Common Greenbrier is a native vine found in most of Virginia. Some of it grows near the bridge at the front of Monticello Park. Numerous birds and animals eat the fruits, which are an important late winter and early spring food for wintering birds, including Northern Cardinals and White-throated Sparrows. It is a pioneer species whose prickly impenetrable branches create cover for birds and small mammals. Native Americans used the vines to make baskets, and they used the leaves to wrap tobacco.

Identification Tools

Illinois Wildflowers Friends of the Wildflower Garden Go Botany

Ranges

North America Virginia

Common Greenbrier
Glossy spring green leaves of Common Greenbrier, freshly emerged from the overwintering green vines, May 5, 2018

Common Greenbrier
Mature leaves of Common Greenbrier

Common Greenbrier
Common Greenbrier berries

Common Greenbrier
Common Greenbrierstem and thorns

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