Plants of Monticello Park

Species Index

A wide variety of plants can be found in Monticello Park. Even though plants stay still and birds move around, plants can often be more difficult to identify. A plant's appearance can vary considerably, depending on the season and its stage of growth. The park plant list is likely to always be a work in progress, with more species being added as they are discovered. Photos in this section are by Ashley Bradford unless otherwise noted.

View by: Common name | Scientific name

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Herbaceous Plants: Flowering
Herbaceous Plants: Non-flowering
Vines
Ferns

Scientific Name

Native?

Order

Family

Trees & Shrubs

Acer negundo

Boxelder

native

Sapindales

Sapindaceae

Acer rubrum

Red Maple

native

Sapindales

Sapindaceae

Asimina triloba

Common Pawpaw

native

Magnoliales

Annonaceae

Albizia julibrissin

Mimosa, Silk Tree

non-native

Fabales

Fabaceae

Amelanchier arborea

Common Serviceberry

native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Carya sp.

Hickory

native

Fagales

Juglandaceae

Catalpa bignonioides

Common Catalpa

native

Lamiales

Bignoniaceae

Celtis occidentalis

Common Hackberry

native

Rosales

Cannabaceae

Cercis canadensis

Eastern Redbud

native

Fabales

Fabaceae

Chionanthus virginicus

White Fringe Tree

native

Lamiales

Oleaceae

Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood

native

Cornales

Cornaceae

Elaeagnus pungens

Thorny Olive

non-native

Rosales

Elaeagnaceae

Euonymous americanus

American Strawberry Bush

native

Celastrales

Celastraceae

Euonymous atropurpureus

Eastern Wahoo

native

Celastrales

Celastraceae

Euonymus fortunei

Winter Creeper

non-native

Celastrales

Celastraceae

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech

native

Fagales

Fagaceae

Forsythia sp.

Forsythia

non-native

Lamiales

Oleaceae

Fraxinus americana

White Ash

native

Lamiales

Oleaceae

Hamamelis virginiana

American Witch-hazel

native

Saxifragales

Hamamelidaceae

Hibiscus syriacus

Rose-of-Sharon

non-native

Malvales

Malvaceae

Ilex opaca

American Holly

native

Aquifoliales

Aquifoliaceae

Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Red Cedar

native

Pinales

Cupressaceae

Kalmia latifolia

Mountain Laurel

native

Ericales

Ericaceae

Ligustrum sp.

Privet

non-native

Lamiales

Oleaceae

Lindera benzoin

Spicebush

native

Laurales

Lauraceae

Liquidamber styraciflua

Sweetgum, Red-gum

native

Saxifragales

Altingiaceae

Liriodendron tulipifera

Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar

native

Magnoliales

Magnoliaceae

Lonicera maackii

Amur Honeysuckle

non-native

Dipsacales

Caprifoliaceae

Morus alba

White Mulberry

non-native

Rosales

Moraceae

Morus rubra

Red Mulberry

native

Rosales

Moraceae

Prunus cerasus

Sour Cherry

non-native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Prunus serotina

Black Cherry

native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Quercus alba

White Oak

native

Fagales

Fagaceae

Quercus montana

Chestnut Oak

native

Fagales

Fagaceae

Quercus phellos

Willow Oak

native

Fagales

Fagaceae

Quercus rubra

Northern Red Oak

native

Fagales

Fagaceae

Rhododendron periclymenoides

Pinxter Azalea

native

Ericales

Ericaceae

Rhododendron sp.

Azalea cultivars

non-native

Ericales

Ericaceae

Rhus typhina

Staghorn Sumac

native

Sapindales

Anacardiaceae

Robinia pseudoacacia

Black Locust

native

Fabales

Fabaceae

Sassafras albidum

Sassafras

native

Laurales

Lauraceae

Styphnolobium japonicum

Japanese Pagoda Tree

non-native

Fabales

Fabaceae

Vaccinium stamineum

Deerberry

native

Ericales

Ericaceae

Ulmus americana

American Elm

native

Rosales

Ulmaceae

Ulmus rubra

Slippery Elm

native

Rosales

Ulmaceae

Vaccinium pallidum

Hillside Blueberry

native

Ericales

Ericaceae

Vibernum acerifolium

Mapleleaf Viburnum

native

Dipsacales

Adoxaceae

Viburnum prunifolium

Blackhaw

native

Dipsacales

Adoxaceae

Herbaceous Plants: Flowering

Acalypha virginica

Virginia Copperleaf

native

Malpighiales

Euphorbiaceae

Actaea racemosa

Black Cohosh

native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Agrimonia rostellata

Woodland Agrimony

native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Allium vineale

Wild Garlic

non-native

Liliales

Colchicaceae

Arctium minus

Common Burdock

non-native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Ageratina altissima

White Snakeroot

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Arisaema triphyllum

Jack in the Pulpit

native

Alismatales

Araceae

Bidens frondosa

Devil's Beggarticks

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Boehmeria cylindrica

False Nettle

native

Rosales

Urticaceae

Cardamine concatenata

Cutleaf Toothwort

native

Brassicales

Brassicaceae

Cimicifuga racemosa

Black Cohosh

native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Circaea lutetiana

Enchanter's Nightshade

native

Myrtales

Onagraceae

Claytonia virginica

Spring Beauty

native

Caryophyllales

Montiaceae

Collinsonia canadensis

Northern Horsebalm

native

Lamiales

Lamiaceae

Commelina communis

Asiatic Dayflower

non-native

Commelinales

Commelinaceae

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Honewort

native

Apiales

Apiaceae

Desmodium canadense

Showy Tick Trefoil

native

Fabales

Fabaceae

Duchesnea indica

Mock Strawberry

non-native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Elephantopus carolinianus

Leafy Elephant's-foot

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Epifagus virginiana

Beechdrops

native

Lamiales

Orobanchaceae

Epipactis helleborine

Broad-leaved Helleborine

non-native

Asparagales

Orchidaceae

Erechtites hieraciifolia

American Burnweed, Pilewort

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Eurybia divaricata

White Wood Aster

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Ficaria verna

Lesser Celandine

non-native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium

native

Geraniales

Geraniaceae

Geum canadense

White Avens

native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Impatiens capensis

Spotted Touch-me-not,
Orange Jewelweed

native

Ericales

Balsaminaceae

Lysimachia ciliata

Fringed Loosestrife

native

Ericales

Primulaceae

Maianthemum racemosum

False Solomon's Seal

native

Asparagales

Asparagaceae

Oxalis corniculata

Creeping Woodsorrel

non-native

Oxalidales

Oxalidaceae

Perilla frutescens

Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

non-native

Lamiales

Lamiaceae

Persicaria longiseta

Oriental Smartweed

non-native

Caryophyllales

Polygonaceae

Persicaria virginiana

Jumpseed, Knotweed

native

Caryophyllales

Polygonaceae

Phytolacca americana

Pokeweed

native

Caryophyllales

Phytolaccaceae

Plantago sp.

Plantain

native

Lamiales

Plantaginaceae

Podophyllum peltatum

Mayapple, Mandrake

native

Lamiales

Berberidaceae

Polygonatum biflorum

Solomon's Seal

native

Asparagales

Asparagaceae

Ranunculus abortivus

Small-flowered Buttercup

native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Ranunculus recurvatus

Hooked Buttercup

native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Rosa multiflora

Multiflora Rose

non-native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Rubus occidentalis

Black Raspberry

native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Rubus phoenicolasius

Japanese Wineberry

non-native

Rosales

Rosaceae

Sanicula odorata (gregaria)

Clustered Black Snakeroot

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Solidago caesia

Bluestem Goldenrod

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Solidago ulmifolia

Elm-leaved Goldenrod

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Stylophorum diphyllum

Celandine Poppy

native

Ranunculales

Papaveraceae

Symplocarpus foetidus

Skunk Cabbage

native

Alismatales

Araceae

Symphyotrichum pilosum

Awl Aster

native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale

Common Dandelion

non-native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Thalictrum dioicum

Early Meadow Rue

native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Uvularia sessilifolia

Sessile Bellwort

native

Liliales

Colchicaceae

Viola sororia priceana

Confederate Violet

native

Violales

Violaceae

Viola sororia sororia

Common Blue Violet

native

Violales

Violaceae

Veratrum viride

False Hellebore

non-native

Liliales

Melanthiaceae

Youngia japonica

Oriental False Hawksbeard

non-native

Asterales

Asteraceae

Herbaceous Plants: Non-flowering

Juncus effusus

Common Rush

native

Poales

Juncaceae

Microstegium vimineum

Japanese Stiltgrass

non-native

Poales

Poaceae

Pseudosasa japonica

Arrow Bamboo

non-native

Poales

Poaceae

Vines

Campsis radicans

Trumpet Creeper

native

Lamiales

Bignoniaceae

Clematis terniflora

Autumn Clematis

non-native

Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

Convolvulus arvensis

Field Bindweed

non-native

Solanales

Convolvulaceae

Dioscorea polystachya

Chinese Yam

non-native

Dioscoreales

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea villosa

Wild Yam

native

Dioscoreales

Dioscoreaceae

Hedera helix

English/Irish Ivy

non-native

Apiales

Araliaceae

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

native

Vitales

Vitaceae

Passiflora lutea

Yellow Passion Flower

native

Malpighiales

Passifloraceae

Smilax glauca

Glaucous Greenbrier

native

Liliales

Smilacaceae

Smilax herbacea

Smooth Carrionflower

native

Liliales

Smilacaceae

Smilax rotundifolia

Common Greenbrier

native

Liliales

Smilacaceae

Toxicodendron radicans

Eastern Poison Ivy

native

Sapindales

Anacardiaceae

Vinca minor

Common Periwinkle

non-native

Gentianales

Apocynaceae

Vitis aestivalis

Grape

native

Vitales

Vitaceae

Ferns

Polystichum acrostichoides

Christmas Fern

native

Polypodiales

Dryopteridaceae

Thelypteris noveboracensis

New York Fern

native

Blechnales

Thelypteridaceae

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