Japanese Holly

Ilex crenata


Other Names:
Box-leaved Holly

Japanese Holly is a non-native species of flowering plant from Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, and eastern Russia. It is an ornamental plant that is often used for low hedges, and it is popular among Bonsai enthusiasts. The specimen found on the ridge in Monticello Park probably escaped from someone's yard. In Virginia, it has been reported in only a couple of jurisdictions in Northern Virginia and a couple of counties in other parts of the state, but it is probably more widespread. Japanese Holly has spearate male and female plants, and both must be present for the female plant to be pollinated and produce fruit.

Identification Tools

NC State Extension Missouri Botanical Garden Go Botany


North America Virginia

Japanese Holly
Japanese Holly - Photo by William Young

Japanese Holly in bud
Japanese Holly branch in bud - Photo by William Young

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