White Oak

Quercus alba


The White Oak is a common native tree throughout Virginia, and Monticello Park has a lot of them. Many species of birds forage in White Oaks, and some nest in them. Hundreds of species of moth caterpillars feed on them, as do caterpillars of many butterfly and skipper species. Gall wasps, beetles, aphids, treehoppers, leafhoppers, and plant bugs also feed on the tree. The acorns are not as bitter as those from some of the other oaks, so they are eaten extensively by a variety of mammals. The wood is widely used, including for construction, shipbuilding, furniture, interior house finishes, wine and whiskey barrels, and musical instruments. The White Oak is the state tree of Maryland, along with Connecticut and Illinois. The Charter Oak of Hartford, Connecticut, is one of the most famous White Oaks in the United States, and an image of it is on the reverse side of the Connecticut state quarter.

Identification Tools

Illinois Wildflowers Friends of the Wildflower Garden Go Botany


North America Virginia

White Oak sapling
White Oak sapling (with Mayapples in the background)

White Oak sapling
White Oak sapling

White Oak leaves
White Oak leaves, showing the distinctive rounded lobes

White Oak leaves
Dried White Oak leaves in autumn

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