American Holly

Ilex opaca

native



The American Holly is a native tree found in most of Virginia. Many species of warblers forage in holly trees, and the berries are eaten by a broad range of bird species, including robins, catbirds, thrashers, woodpeckers, towhees, sparrows, and thrushes. The berries are toxic to humans. The American Holly is the state tree of Delaware. It is used primarily for ornamental purposes, and holly leaves are a popular Christmas decoration. The holiday traditions involving holly are based on the European Holly, which closely resembles the larger American Holly.

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Ranges

North America Virginia

American Holly
A branch of American Holly in bud

American Holly
A branch of American Holly in bloom

American Holly
American Holly is evergreen, but does lose leaves throughout the year.

American Holly
American Holly trees are often rather sparse of limb and leaf.

American Holly
American Holly bark is fairly smooth.

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